Robeco QI Global Dynamic Duration IEH USD
Systematic government bond approach to provide long-term capital growth by dynamically adjusting duration
Every share class of a product invests in the same portfolio of securities and has the same investment objectives and policies. However, their parameters might deviate. For instance and amongst others, their distribution type, currency exposure or fees and expenses might differ. The most common share classes at Robeco are:
a) D/DH shares, which are regular shares and available for all Investors;
b) I/IH shares, for institutional investors as defined from time to time by the Luxembourg supervisory authority.
For more information on share classes please go to the prospectus.
Class and codes
JPM GBI Global Investment Grade Index (hedged into USD)
Under the EU Sustainable Finance Disclosure Regulation, products can be labelled as either Article 6, 8 or 9 fund.
Article 6 - The fund is not in scope of enhanced sustainability disclosures compared to Article 8 and 9.
Article 8 - The fund does not have a sustainable investment objective but promotes environmental or social characteristics and is subject to enhanced sustainability disclosures.
Article 9 - The fund has a sustainable investment objective and is subject to enhanced sustainability disclosures.
Regardless of Article 8 or 9, the companies in which investments are made must follow good governance practices, and sustainable investments must not do any significant harm.
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- Performance & costs
- Global government bond exposure with solid credit quality
- Anticipating the direction of the bond markets
- Proven track record in multiple market environments
About this fund
Robeco QI Global Dynamic Duration is an actively managed fund that invests worldwide in government bonds with investment grade quality. The fund's objective is to provide long term capital growth. The fund uses derivatives to dynamically adjust the duration (interest-rate sensitivity) of the portfolio. The duration positioning is based on our proprietary duration model, which predicts the direction of the bond markets using financial market data. The ESG scores of countries are a integral part of our bottom-up country allocation decisions.
Total size of fund
Size of share class
Inception date fund
Lodewijk van der Linden
Olaf Penninga is Portfolio Manager Quant Fixed Income. He has been Portfolio Manager for the Dynamic Duration strategy since 2005 and Lead Portfolio Manager since 2011. These are all quantitative fixed income strategies. His previous positions with Robeco include that of Lead Portfolio Manager for Robeco’s fundamentally-managed Euro Government Bonds strategy and Researcher with responsibility for fixed income allocation research. Olaf was employed by Interpolis as Investment Econometrician for one year before returning to Robeco in 2003. He started his career in 1998 at Robeco. He holds a Master's in Mathematics (cum laude) from Leiden University. Lodewijk van der Linden is Portfolio Manager Quant Fixed Income. He joined Robeco in August 2018. In the period 2015-2018 Lodewijk worked at Aegon Asset Management where he was Risk associate and Team Manager Client Reporting. Lodewijk started his career at PwC as an actuarial consultant in 2013. He holds a Master's in Actuarial Science from the University of Amsterdam and a Master's in Econometrics and Management Science from Erasmus University Rotterdam. Johan Duyvesteyn is Portfolio Manager Quant Fixed Income. His areas of expertise include government bond market timing, credit beta market timing, country sustainability and emerging-market debt. He has published in the Financial Analysts Journal, the Journal of Empirical Finance, the Journal of Banking and Finance, and the Journal of Fixed Income. Johan started his career in the industry in 1999 at Robeco. He holds a PhD in Finance, a Master's in Financial Econometrics from Erasmus University Rotterdam and he is a CFA® charterholder. Robeco QI Global Dynamic Duration is managed within Robeco’s Quant Allocation team, which consists of six portfolio managers. The team is focused on quantitative allocation strategies including quantitative duration strategies. The team works closely together with fundamental portfolio management teams and with seven dedicated quant allocation researchers. On average, the members of the quant allocation team have an experience in the asset management industry of eighteen years, of which fourteen years with Robeco.
- Per period
- Per annum
Since inception 08/2017
Tracking error ex-post (%)
The ex-post tracking error is defined as the volatility of the fund's achieved excess return over the index return. In fund management, most managers are subject to an ex-ante (pre-determined) tracking error, which defines the extent of the additional risk they may take when aspiring to outperform the fund's benchmark. The ex-post tracking error explains the distribution of past fund performances compared to those of its underlying benchmark. With a higher tracking error, the fund's returns deviate more from its index's returns, hence there is a greater chance that the fund may outperform. The wider the spread of returns relative to the benchmark, the more "actively" a fund has been managed. In contrast, a low tracking error indicates more "passive" management.
This ratio serves to evaluate the quality of the excess return a fund manager has achieved because it takes the active risk involved into account. The information ratio is defined as the excess return over the benchmark return divided by the fund's tracking error. The higher the information ratio, the better. For example, a fund with a tracking error of 4% and an excess return of 2% over benchmark has an information ratio of 0.5, which is quite good.
This ratio measures the risk-adjusted performance and allows the performance quality of different investments to be compared. It is calculated by subtracting the risk-free rate from the fund's returns and dividing the result by the fund's standard deviation (risk). So the Sharpe ratio tells us whether a fund's returns are the result of smart investment decisions or stem from taking extra risk. The higher the ratio, the better, meaning that a greater return is achieved per unit of risk. This ratio is named after its inventor, Nobel Laureate, William Sharpe.
Alpha measures the difference between a portfolio's actual return and its expected performance, given the level of risk, compared to the benchmark. A positive alpha figure indicates that the fund has performed better than expected, given the level of risk. Beta is used to calculate the level of risk compared to the benchmark..
Beta is a measure of a portfolio's volatility, or systematic risk, in comparison to the benchmark. A beta of 1 indicates that the portfolio will move with the benchmark. A beta of less than 1 means that the portfolio will be less volatile than the benchmark. A beta of more than 1 indicates that the portfolio will be more volatile than the benchmark. For example, if a portfolio's beta is 1.2 it is theoretically 20% more volatile than the benchmark.
Standard deviation is a measure of the dispersion of a set of data from its mean. The more spread out the data is, the higher the deviation. In finance, standard deviation is applied to the annual rate of return of an investment to measure the investment's volatility (risk).
Max. monthly gain (%)
The maximum (i.e. highest) absolute positive monthly performance in the underlying period.
Max. monthly loss (%)
The maximum (i.e. highest) absolute negative monthly performance in the underlying period.
Months out performance
Number of months in which the fund outperformed the benchmark in the underlying period.
Hit ratio (%)
This percentage indicates the number of months in which the fund outperformed in a given period.
Months Bull market
Number of months of positive benchmark performance in the underlying period.
Months outperformance Bull
Number of months in which the fund outperformed positive benchmark performance in the underlying period.
Hit ratio Bull (%)
This percentage indicates the number of months the fund outperformed a positive benchmark in an underlying period.
Months Bear market
Number of months of negative benchmark performance in the underlying period.
Months outperformance Bear
Number of months in which the fund outperformed negative benchmark performance in the underlying period.
Hit ratio Bear (%)
This percentage indicates the number of months the fund outperformed a negative benchmark performance in an underlying period.
The average credit quality of the securities in the portfolio. AAA, AA, A en BAA (Investment Grade) means lower risk and BB, B, CCC, CC, C (High Yield) higher risk.
Option Adjusted Modified Duration (years)
The interest rate sensitivity of the portfolio.
The average maturity of the securities in the portfolio.
Dividend paying history
Indication of annual charges that are deducted for this fund. This indication is based on the costs over the last calendar year and may vary from year to year. Transaction costs incurred by the fund, any performance fees and other one-off costs are not included in the ongoing charges.
Included management fee
A fee paid by the fund to the asset management company for the professional management of the fund.
Included service fee
This fee is intended to cover official fees, such as the cost of annual reports, annual shareholders' meetings and price publications.
The transaction costs shown are the average annual transaction costs over the last three years calculated in accordance with European regulations.
Fiscal product treatment
The fund is established in Luxembourg and is subject to the Luxembourg tax laws and regulations. The fund is not liable to pay any corporation, income, dividend or capital gains tax in Luxembourg. The fund is subject to an annual subscription tax ('tax d'abonnement') in Luxembourg, which amounts to 0.01% of the net asset value of the fund. This tax is included in the net asset value of the fund. The fund can in principle use the Luxembourg treaty network to partially recover any withholding tax on its income.
Fiscal treatment of investor
Investors who are not subject to (exempt from) Dutch corporate-income tax (e.g. pension funds) are not taxed on the achieved result. Investors who are subject to Dutch corporate-income tax can be taxed for the result achieved on their investment in the fund. Dutch bodies that are subject to corporate-income tax are obligated to declare interest and dividend income, as well as capital gains in their tax return. Investors residing outside the Netherlands are subject to their respective national tax regime applying to foreign investment funds. We advise individual investors to consult their financial or tax adviser about the tax consequences of an investment in this fund in their specific circumstances before deciding to invest in the fund.
All currency risks are hedged.
Robeco QI Global Dynamic Duration makes use of derivatives in order to implement the duration overlay. In addition, derivatives are used to hedge the currency risks of the portfolio. These derivatives are very liquid.
Dividend is distributed annually.
Robeco QI Global Dynamic Duration is an actively managed fund that invests worldwide in government bonds with investment grade quality.The fund's objective is to provide long term capital growth. The fund promotes E&S (i.e. Environmental and Social) characteristics within the meaning of Article 8 of the European Sustainable Finance Disclosure Regulation, integrates sustainability risks in the investment process and applies Robeco’s Good Governance policy. The fund applies sustainability indicators, including but not limited to, normative, activity-based and region-based exclusions. The fund uses derivatives to dynamically adjust the duration (interest-rate sensitivity) of the portfolio. The duration positioning is based on our proprietary duration model, which predicts the direction of the bond markets using financial market data. The ESG scores of countries are a integral part of our bottom-up country allocation decisions. Benchmark: JPM GBI Global Investment Grade Index (hedged into CHF), The majority of bonds selected through this approach will be components of the benchmark, but bonds outside the benchmark index may be selected too. The fund can deviate from the weightings of the benchmark. The fund aims to outperform the benchmark over the long run, whilst still controlling relative risk through the applications of limits (on currencies) to the extent of deviation from the benchmark. This will consequently limit the deviation of the performance relative to the benchmark. The Benchmark is a broad market weighted index that is not consistent with the ESG characteristics promoted by the fund.
Risk management systems continuously monitor the extent to which the portfolio differs from the benchmark. Extreme discrepancies are prevented in this way. The duration model makes use of futures, which can lead to leverage.
Full sustainability-related disclosuresDownload full report
The fund incorporates sustainability in the investment process via exclusions, ESG integration, and ESG and environmental footprint targets. The fund complies with Robeco's exclusion policy for countries and does not invest in countries where serious violations of human rights or a collapse of the governance structure take place, or if countries are subject to UN, EU or US sanctions. Via portfolio construction rules the fund targets a better ESG score and a lower carbon footprint than that of the reference index. This ensures that countries with a better ESG score or a lower carbon footprint are more likely to be included in the portfolio.
Bond yields rose in February, reversing the rally seen in January. Strong US labor market data and a further rise in Eurozone core inflation point to further rate hikes. Markets moved to discount a higher peak in rates and the first rate cuts are only expected in 2024. Yields rose and curves inverted further, with US and German 2-year yields reaching the highest levels since 2007 and 2008 respectively. US Treasuries returned -2.5% and German Bunds -2.4%. Australian bonds declined less and Japanese bonds even rallied. Professor Ueda will be the new Bank of Japan governor.
Based on transaction prices, the fund's return was 0.37%. The fund outperformed the index in February. It offered protection against rising yields in the US and the Eurozone, while benefiting from lower yields (hence rising bond prices) in Japan. The tilts in the underlying portfolio also contributed positively to performance; not only tilts away from US and German bonds and towards Japanese bonds, but also the bond selection within the Eurozone. Year-to-date, the fund has generated a positive total return and strongly outperformed the index by benefiting from lower yields in the first weeks of the year (and later in Japan) and protecting against rising yields after that. All active duration positions are based on the outcomes of our quantitative duration model.
Expectation of fund manager
Lodewijk van der Linden
The fund's duration policy is driven by the outcomes of our proprietary quantitative duration model. At the end of February, the model was negative for US and German bonds, driven by the economic growth, monetary policy, trend, valuation and low-risk variables. The model was positive for Japanese bonds, driven by the inflation, valuation and monetary policy variables.