Robeco Chinese A-share Equities I USD
Direct access to the growing potential of Chinese mainland domestic stocks
Every share class of a product invests in the same portfolio of securities and has the same investment objectives and policies. However, their parameters might deviate. For instance and amongst others, their distribution type, currency exposure or fees and expenses might differ. The most common share classes at Robeco are:
a) D/DH shares, which are regular shares and available for all Investors;
b) I/IH shares, for institutional investors as defined from time to time by the Luxembourg supervisory authority.
For more information on share classes please go to the prospectus.
Class and codes
MSCI China A International Index (Net Return, USD)
Under the EU Sustainable Finance Disclosure Regulation, products can be labelled as either Article 6, 8 or 9 fund.
Article 6 - The fund is not in scope of enhanced sustainability disclosures compared to Article 8 and 9.
Article 8 - The fund does not have a sustainable investment objective but promotes environmental or social characteristics and is subject to enhanced sustainability disclosures.
Article 9 - The fund has a sustainable investment objective and is subject to enhanced sustainability disclosures.
Regardless of Article 8 or 9, the companies in which investments are made must follow good governance practices, and sustainable investments must not do any significant harm.
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- Performance & costs
- Focused investing in Chinese A-share equities, benefiting from the Robeco access to RQFII quota
- Market developments in China are reflected in the fund's price development
- Concentrated portfolio of 30 to 50 stocks
About this fund
Robeco Chinese A-share Equities is an actively managed fund that invests in Chinese A-shares. The selection of these stocks is based on fundamental analysis. The fund's objective is to achieve a better return than the index. The fund identifies attractive macro-economic themes and selects fundamentally sound companies which can be large caps, midcaps and/or small caps. The fund selects primarily domestic Chinese stocks (A-shares).
Total size of fund
Size of share class
Inception date fund
advised by Jie Lu
The Chinese Equities investment team consists of five investment professionals with an average experience of 10 years, combining complementary skills and worldwide investment backgrounds. The team’s portfolio managers place local insights into the context of a wider regional and global perspective. Local presence in Hong Kong and Shanghai allows for optimal coverage of both off- and onshore markets, respectively. Mr. Lu is the Head of Investments China. He is responsible for Robeco’s overall investments and research activities in China. Before joining Robeco in Nov 2015, Mr. Lu worked as a Portfolio Manager at Norges Bank Investment Management in Shanghai from 2011 to 2015, and as an analyst in Hong Kong from 2009 to 2011. Prior to that, he worked at the M&A department of Morgan Stanley Asia Ltd. Mr. Lu started his career as an engineer at Motorola, Inc. in 2000 and subsequently held several managerial positions. Mr. Lu is a native Mandarin Chinese speaker. He holds an MBA with Distinction in Finance and Marketing from the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University in the US. He also holds a Master’s degree in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from the University of Illinois in the US and a Bachelor's degree in Biochemistry from Fudan University in China.
- Per period
- Per annum
Since inception 02/2017
Tracking error ex-post (%)
The ex-post tracking error is defined as the volatility of the fund's achieved excess return over the index return. In fund management, most managers are subject to an ex-ante (pre-determined) tracking error, which defines the extent of the additional risk they may take when aspiring to outperform the fund's benchmark. The ex-post tracking error explains the distribution of past fund performances compared to those of its underlying benchmark. With a higher tracking error, the fund's returns deviate more from its index's returns, hence there is a greater chance that the fund may outperform. The wider the spread of returns relative to the benchmark, the more "actively" a fund has been managed. In contrast, a low tracking error indicates more "passive" management.
This ratio serves to evaluate the quality of the excess return a fund manager has achieved because it takes the active risk involved into account. The information ratio is defined as the excess return over the benchmark return divided by the fund's tracking error. The higher the information ratio, the better. For example, a fund with a tracking error of 4% and an excess return of 2% over benchmark has an information ratio of 0.5, which is quite good.
This ratio measures the risk-adjusted performance and allows the performance quality of different investments to be compared. It is calculated by subtracting the risk-free rate from the fund's returns and dividing the result by the fund's standard deviation (risk). So the Sharpe ratio tells us whether a fund's returns are the result of smart investment decisions or stem from taking extra risk. The higher the ratio, the better, meaning that a greater return is achieved per unit of risk. This ratio is named after its inventor, Nobel Laureate, William Sharpe.
Alpha measures the difference between a portfolio's actual return and its expected performance, given the level of risk, compared to the benchmark. A positive alpha figure indicates that the fund has performed better than expected, given the level of risk. Beta is used to calculate the level of risk compared to the benchmark..
Beta is a measure of a portfolio's volatility, or systematic risk, in comparison to the benchmark. A beta of 1 indicates that the portfolio will move with the benchmark. A beta of less than 1 means that the portfolio will be less volatile than the benchmark. A beta of more than 1 indicates that the portfolio will be more volatile than the benchmark. For example, if a portfolio's beta is 1.2 it is theoretically 20% more volatile than the benchmark.
Standard deviation is a measure of the dispersion of a set of data from its mean. The more spread out the data is, the higher the deviation. In finance, standard deviation is applied to the annual rate of return of an investment to measure the investment's volatility (risk).
Max. monthly gain (%)
The maximum (i.e. highest) absolute positive monthly performance in the underlying period.
Max. monthly loss (%)
The maximum (i.e. highest) absolute negative monthly performance in the underlying period.
Months out performance
Number of months in which the fund outperformed the benchmark in the underlying period.
Hit ratio (%)
This percentage indicates the number of months in which the fund outperformed in a given period.
Months Bull market
Number of months of positive benchmark performance in the underlying period.
Months outperformance Bull
Number of months in which the fund outperformed positive benchmark performance in the underlying period.
Hit ratio Bull (%)
This percentage indicates the number of months the fund outperformed a positive benchmark in an underlying period.
Months Bear market
Number of months of negative benchmark performance in the underlying period.
Months outperformance Bear
Number of months in which the fund outperformed negative benchmark performance in the underlying period.
Hit ratio Bear (%)
This percentage indicates the number of months the fund outperformed a negative benchmark performance in an underlying period.
Indication of annual charges that are deducted for this fund. This indication is based on the costs over the last calendar year and may vary from year to year. Transaction costs incurred by the fund, any performance fees and other one-off costs are not included in the ongoing charges.
Included management fee
A fee paid by the fund to the asset management company for the professional management of the fund.
Included service fee
This fee is intended to cover official fees, such as the cost of annual reports, annual shareholders' meetings and price publications.
The transaction costs shown are the average annual transaction costs over the last three years calculated in accordance with European regulations.
Fiscal product treatment
The fund is established in Luxembourg and is subject to the Luxembourg tax laws and regulations. The fund is not liable to pay any corporation, income, dividend or capital gains tax in Luxembourg. The fund is subject to an annual subscription tax ('tax d'abonnement') in Luxembourg, which amounts to 0.01% of the net asset value of the fund. This tax is included in the net asset value of the fund. The fund can in principle use the Luxembourg treaty network to partially recover any withholding tax on its income.
Fiscal treatment of investor
Investors who are not subject to (exempt from) Dutch corporate-income tax (e.g. pension funds) are not taxed on the achieved result. Investors who are subject to Dutch corporate-income tax can be taxed for the result achieved on their investment in the fund. Dutch bodies that are subject to corporate-income tax are obligated to declare interest and dividend income, as well as capital gains in their tax return. Investors residing outside the Netherlands are subject to their respective national tax regime applying to foreign investment funds. We advise individual investors to consult their financial or tax adviser about the tax consequences of an investment in this fund in their specific circumstances before deciding to invest in the fund.
- Top 10
The fund is allowed to pursue an active currency policy to generate extra returns.
The fund does not distribute dividend. The fund retains any income that is earned and so its entire performance is reflected in its share price.
Robeco Chinese A-share Equities is an actively managed fund that invests in Chinese A-shares. The selection of these stocks is based on fundamental analysis. The fund's objective is to achieve a better return than the index. The fund promotes E&S (i.e. Environmental and Social) characteristics within the meaning of Article 8 of the European Sustainable Finance Disclosure Regulation, integrates sustainability risks in the investment process and applies Robeco’s Good Governance policy.The fund applies sustainability indicators, including but not limited to normative, activity-based and region-based exclusions, proxy voting and engagement. The fund identifies attractive macro-economic themes and selects fundamentally sound companies which can be large caps, midcaps and/or small caps. The fund selects primarily domestic Chinese stocks (A-shares).The majority of stocks selected will be components of the Benchmark, but stocks outside the Benchmark may be selected too. The investment policy is not constrained by a Benchmark but the fund may use a benchmark for comparison purposes. The fund can deviate substantially from the issuer, country and sector weightings of the Benchmark. There are no restrictions on the deviation from the Benchmark. The Benchmark is a broad market weighted index that is not consistent with the ESG characteristics promoted by the fund.
Risk management is fully integrated into the investment process to ensure that positions always meet predefined guidelines.
The fact that the sub-fund has obtained this label does not mean that it meets your personal sustainability goals or that the label is in line with requirements arising from any future national or European rules. The label obtained is valid for one year and subject to annual reappraisal. More information on this label.
The fund incorporates sustainability in the investment process through exclusions, ESG integration, engagement and voting. The fund does not invest in issuers that are in breach of international norms or where activities have been deemed detrimental to society following Robeco's exclusion policy. Financially material ESG factors are integrated in the bottom-up investment analysis to assess existing and potential ESG risks and opportunities. In the stock selection the fund limits exposure to elevated sustainability risks. In addition, where a stock issuer is flagged for breaching international standards in the ongoing monitoring, the issuer will become subject to engagement. Lastly, the fund makes use of shareholder rights and applies proxy voting in accordance with Robeco's proxy voting policy.
China's manufacturing PMI rose modestly by 0.3 points to 49.3 in July, adding to the increase of 0.2 points in June. Meanwhile, the non-manufacturing PMI fell 1.7 points to 51.5 in July, marking the lowest reading since the reopening, with the service activity index falling 1.3 points and the construction activity index falling significantly by 4.5 points. The weaker-than-expected Q2 GDP report and the July NBS PMI report suggest that while industrial activity has stabilized, growth in the service sector and construction activities has slowed.
Based on transaction prices, the fund's return was 1.72%. Robeco Chinese A-share Equities underperformed its reference index by -3.5% in July. Negative contributions came from information technology and communication services. Positive sector contributions came from real estate and utilities. The main detractors were JA Solar, 37 Interactive and ZTE Corporation. The main contributors were Hangzhou Binjiang Real Estate, Kweichow Moutai and Bank of Ningbo.
Expectation of fund manager
advised by Jie Lu
We have a constructive view for China's market, as China's policymakers aim to boost market confidence through more supportive policies focused on expanding domestic demand and preventing risks. Although geopolitical risk escalation could still lead to market volatility. Policy is turning more supportive again, with a new round of easing measures expected in the second half of the year, as the July Politburo meeting set a more pro-growth policy tone for 23H2, with a focus on expanding credit to the real economy, boosting confidence, and mitigating risks. Overall, while the Chinese economy is still facing challenges, there are also reasons for optimism, as China works to maintain its economic recovery. On the geopolitical side, long-term US-China tension is unlikely to subside. In the near term, escalation could still happen. Since reopening, China is also actively trying to reach out to the world, with more opening up measures to restore foreign companies' confidence and more diplomatic activities to play a peace-making role.