latames
Sustainable Investing Glossary

Sin stocks

Sin stocks are shares in companies involved in activities that are considered unethical, such as alcohol, tobacco, gambling, adult entertainment or weapons.

Ethical investors tend to exclude sin stocks, as the companies involved are thought to be making money from exploiting human weaknesses and vices. It is a relative concept, though, as different cultures have different opinions on what constitutes a sin. Although sin stocks usually include alcohol, for example, brewing beer or making a fine wine can be considered a noble tradition in various regions or countries in the world. And whereas some investors exclude weapons manufacturers on moral grounds, serving in the military can be considered an act of patriotism by others. 

Various studies show that sin stocks deliver better returns than stocks in general. There are several explanations for this. One of them is that sin stocks are undervalued because many investors avoid them. Another one is that sin industries pose increased litigation risk or reputation risk, for which investors are compensated with a risk premium.

A more recent explanation is offered by David Blitz, Head of Quantitative Research at Robeco, and Frank Fabozzi, Professor of Finance at EDHEC Business School, in their article ‘Sin Stocks Revisited: Resolving the Sin Stock Anomaly’ published in the Journal of Portfolio Management. They show that the outperformance of sin stocks can be explained by two Fama-French quality factors, ‘profitability’ and ‘investment’. The profitability factor means that stocks with a high operating profitability perform better, while the investment factor maintains that companies with high total asset growth perform worse. Sin stocks tend to have high exposure to both factors; cigarette makers, for example, enjoy high margins due to relative price inelasticity, and are restricted in how they can grow their assets.

Generando rentabilidades que benefician al mundo en el que vivimos
Generando rentabilidades que benefician al mundo en el que vivimos
Inversión sostenible
SI Opener: La pandemia Covid-19 agrava la desigualdad
SI Opener: La pandemia Covid-19 agrava la desigualdad
La pandemia Covid-19 ha revertido los avances en la reducción de la pobreza global y ha tenido un profundo impacto en diversos aspectos de la desigualdad.
23-09-2021 | SI Opener
The CO₂lumnist: Data providers and the greenhouse gas pie
The CO₂lumnist: Data providers and the greenhouse gas pie
The greenhouse gas emissions of different sectors forms parts of giant pie.
22-09-2021 | Columna
Conozca lo esencial de los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible
Conozca lo esencial de los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible
Los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS) constituyen una oportunidad de inversión importante, así como un medio para mejorar la vida de millones de personas.
13-09-2021 | Visión