Robeco Financial Institutions Bonds Z2 EUR
Investing in subordinated bonds issued by banks and insurance companies
Every share class of a product invests in the same portfolio of securities and has the same investment objectives and policies. However, their parameters might deviate. For instance and amongst others, their distribution type, currency exposure or fees and expenses might differ. The most common share classes at Robeco are:
a) D/DH shares, which are regular shares and available for all Investors;
b) I/IH shares, for institutional investors as defined from time to time by the Luxembourg supervisory authority.
For more information on share classes please go to the prospectus.
Class and codes
Bloomberg Euro Aggregate Corporates Financials Subordinated 2% Issuer Cap
Under the EU Sustainable Finance Disclosure Regulation, products can be labelled as either Article 6, 8 or 9 fund.
Article 6 - The fund is not in scope of enhanced sustainability disclosures compared to Article 8 and 9.
Article 8 - The fund does not have a sustainable investment objective but promotes environmental or social characteristics and is subject to enhanced sustainability disclosures.
Article 9 - The fund has a sustainable investment objective and is subject to enhanced sustainability disclosures.
Regardless of Article 8 or 9, the companies in which investments are made must follow good governance practices, and sustainable investments must not do any significant harm.
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- Performance & costs
- Diversified exposure to subordinated financial bonds
- Disciplined and repeatable investment process
- No active duration, nor FX exposure
About this fund
Robeco Financial Institutions Bonds is an actively managed fund that mainly invests in subordinated euro-denominated bonds issued by financial institutions. The selection of these bonds is based on fundamental analysis. The fund's objective is to provide long-term capital growth. The fund offers a diversified exposure to subordinated bonds issued by banks and insurance companies and the focus of the fund is, in general, towards higher rated issuers (investment grade).
Total size of fund
Size of share class
Inception date fund
Jan Willem de Moor
Jan Willem Knoll
Jan Willem de Moor is Portfolio Manager Investment Grade in the Credit team. Prior to joining Robeco in 2005, he worked at the Dutch Medical professionals’ pension fund as an Equity Portfolio Manager and at SNS Asset Management as an Equity Portfolio Manager. Jan Willem has been active in the industry since 1994. He holds a Master's in Economics from Tilburg University. Jan Willem Knoll is an Analyst in the Credit team and covers the Financials sector – both banks and insurers. He joined the Credit team in 2016. Previously, Jan Willem headed the Financials Equity sell-side research team at ABN AMRO. He started his career in the industry in 1999 at APG, where he held several positions including Portfolio Manager of a global insurance portfolio and subsequently a pan-European financials portfolio. Jan Willem holds a Master’s in Business Economics from the University of Groningen and he is a CFA® charterholder. The Robeco Financial Institutions Bonds fund is managed within Robeco’s credit team, which consists of nine portfolio managers and twenty-three credit analysts (of which four financials analysts). The portfolio managers are responsible for the construction and management of the credit portfolios, whereas the analysts cover the team’s fundamental research. Our analysts have long term experience in their respective sectors which they cover globally. Each analyst covers both investment grade and high yield, providing them an information advantage and benefiting from inefficiencies that traditionally exist between the two segmented markets. Furthermore, the credit team is supported by dedicated quantitative researchers and fixed income traders. On average, the members of the credit team have an experience in the asset management industry of seventeen years, of which eight years with Robeco.
- Per period
- Per annum
Since inception 04/2018
Tracking error ex-post (%)
The ex-post tracking error is defined as the volatility of the fund's achieved excess return over the index return. In fund management, most managers are subject to an ex-ante (pre-determined) tracking error, which defines the extent of the additional risk they may take when aspiring to outperform the fund's benchmark. The ex-post tracking error explains the distribution of past fund performances compared to those of its underlying benchmark. With a higher tracking error, the fund's returns deviate more from its index's returns, hence there is a greater chance that the fund may outperform. The wider the spread of returns relative to the benchmark, the more "actively" a fund has been managed. In contrast, a low tracking error indicates more "passive" management.
This ratio serves to evaluate the quality of the excess return a fund manager has achieved because it takes the active risk involved into account. The information ratio is defined as the excess return over the benchmark return divided by the fund's tracking error. The higher the information ratio, the better. For example, a fund with a tracking error of 4% and an excess return of 2% over benchmark has an information ratio of 0.5, which is quite good.
This ratio measures the risk-adjusted performance and allows the performance quality of different investments to be compared. It is calculated by subtracting the risk-free rate from the fund's returns and dividing the result by the fund's standard deviation (risk). So the Sharpe ratio tells us whether a fund's returns are the result of smart investment decisions or stem from taking extra risk. The higher the ratio, the better, meaning that a greater return is achieved per unit of risk. This ratio is named after its inventor, Nobel Laureate, William Sharpe.
Alpha measures the difference between a portfolio's actual return and its expected performance, given the level of risk, compared to the benchmark. A positive alpha figure indicates that the fund has performed better than expected, given the level of risk. Beta is used to calculate the level of risk compared to the benchmark..
Beta is a measure of a portfolio's volatility, or systematic risk, in comparison to the benchmark. A beta of 1 indicates that the portfolio will move with the benchmark. A beta of less than 1 means that the portfolio will be less volatile than the benchmark. A beta of more than 1 indicates that the portfolio will be more volatile than the benchmark. For example, if a portfolio's beta is 1.2 it is theoretically 20% more volatile than the benchmark.
Standard deviation is a measure of the dispersion of a set of data from its mean. The more spread out the data is, the higher the deviation. In finance, standard deviation is applied to the annual rate of return of an investment to measure the investment's volatility (risk).
Max. monthly gain (%)
The maximum (i.e. highest) absolute positive monthly performance in the underlying period.
Max. monthly loss (%)
The maximum (i.e. highest) absolute negative monthly performance in the underlying period.
Months out performance
Number of months in which the fund outperformed the benchmark in the underlying period.
Hit ratio (%)
This percentage indicates the number of months in which the fund outperformed in a given period.
Months Bull market
Number of months of positive benchmark performance in the underlying period.
Months outperformance Bull
Number of months in which the fund outperformed positive benchmark performance in the underlying period.
Hit ratio Bull (%)
This percentage indicates the number of months the fund outperformed a positive benchmark in an underlying period.
Months Bear market
Number of months of negative benchmark performance in the underlying period.
Months outperformance Bear
Number of months in which the fund outperformed negative benchmark performance in the underlying period.
Hit ratio Bear (%)
This percentage indicates the number of months the fund outperformed a negative benchmark performance in an underlying period.
The average credit quality of the securities in the portfolio. AAA, AA, A en BAA (Investment Grade) means lower risk and BB, B, CCC, CC, C (High Yield) higher risk.
Option Adjusted Modified Duration (years)
The interest rate sensitivity of the portfolio.
The average maturity of the securities in the portfolio.
Green Bonds (%)
The percentage of total AuM in the portfolio (market-weight based) that is indicated as Green Bond in Bloomberg. Green bonds are any type of regular bond instrument for which the proceeds will be applied exclusively to environmental projects.
Indication of annual charges that are deducted for this fund. This indication is based on the costs over the last calendar year and may vary from year to year. Transaction costs incurred by the fund, any performance fees and other one-off costs are not included in the ongoing charges.
Included management fee
A fee paid by the fund to the asset management company for the professional management of the fund.
Included service fee
This fee is intended to cover official fees, such as the cost of annual reports, annual shareholders' meetings and price publications.
The transaction costs shown are the average annual transaction costs over the last three years calculated in accordance with European regulations.
Fiscal product treatment
The fund is established in Luxembourg and is subject to the Luxembourg tax laws and regulations. The fund is not liable to pay any corporation, income, dividend or capital gains tax in Luxembourg. The fund is subject to an annual subscription tax ('tax d'abonnement') in Luxembourg, which amounts to 0.01% of the net asset value of the fund. This tax is included in the net asset value of the fund. The fund can in principle use the Luxembourg treaty network to partially recover any withholding tax on its income.
Fiscal treatment of investor
Investors who are not subject to (exempt from) Dutch corporate-income tax (e.g. pension funds) are not taxed on the achieved result. Investors who are subject to Dutch corporate-income tax can be taxed for the result achieved on their investment in the fund. Dutch bodies that are subject to corporate-income tax are obligated to declare interest and dividend income, as well as capital gains in their tax return. Investors residing outside the Netherlands are subject to their respective national tax regime applying to foreign investment funds. We advise individual investors to consult their financial or tax adviser about the tax consequences of an investment in this fund in their specific circumstances before deciding to invest in the fund.
- Top 10
All currency risks are hedged.
Robeco Financial Institutions Bonds fund make use of derivatives for hedging purposes as well as for investment purposes. These derivatives are very liquid.
This share class of the fund will distribute dividend.
Robeco Financial Institutions Bonds is an actively managed fund that mainly invests in subordinated euro-denominated bonds issued by financial institutions. The selection of these bonds is based on fundamental analysis. The fund's objective is to provide long-term capital growth. The fund promotes E&S (i.e. Environmental and Social) characteristics within the meaning of Article 8 of the European Sustainable Finance Disclosure Regulation, integrates sustainability risks in the investment process and applies Robeco’s Good Governance policy. The fund applies sustainability indicators, including but not limited to, normative, activity-based and region-based exclusions, and engagement. The fund offers a diversified exposure to subordinated bonds issued by banks and insurance companies and the focus of the fund is, in general, towards higher rated issuers (investment grade). The majority of bonds selected will be components of the benchmark, but bonds outside the benchmark may be selected too. The fund can deviate substantially from the weightings of the benchmark. The fund aims to outperform the benchmark over the long run, while still controlling relative risk through the application of limits (on currencies and issuers) to the extent of the deviation from the benchmark. This will consequently limit the deviation of the performance relative to the benchmark. The Benchmark is a broad market-weighted index that is not consistent with the ESG characteristics promoted by the fund.
Risk management is fully embedded in the investment process to ensure that positions always meet predefined guidelines.
The fund incorporates sustainability in the investment process via exclusions, ESG integration, a minimum allocation to ESG-labeled bonds, and engagement. The fund does not invest in credit issuers that are in breach of international norms or where activities have been deemed detrimental to society following Robeco's exclusion policy. Financially material ESG factors are integrated in the bottom-up security analysis to assess the impact on the issuer's fundamental credit quality. In the credit selection the fund limits exposure to issuers with an elevated sustainability risk profile. Furthermore, the fund invests at least 5% in green, social, sustainable, and/or sustainability-linked bonds. Lastly, where issuers are flagged for breaching international standards in the ongoing monitoring, the issuer will become subject to engagement.The following sections display the ESG-metrics that are relevant for this fund along with short descriptions. For more information please visit the sustainability-related disclosures. The index used for all sustainability visuals is based on [Index name].
In August, credit spreads widened modestly, influenced by several factors including the prospect of interest rates remaining higher for longer and a continued softening of economic data, particularly in Europe and China. In the US, noteworthy events included the Federal Reserve's Jackson Hole Conference speech emphasizing the necessity for additional tightening measures to address inflation concerns, and the release of JOLTS job vacancy data for July, which came in softer than expected. In Europe, there were growing economic concerns as the August flash PMIs revealed a significant decline, with the Eurozone composite PMI dropping to 47.0, the lowest since late 2020. Despite these challenges, European inflation remained resilient. In China, concerns around the economy persisted, while headwinds in the property sector intensified following Country Garden's missed bond payments. Sentiment improved in the last weeks of August and several European banks tapped the new issue market. Crédit Agricole, SEB and Svenska Handelsbanken issued new Tier-2 bonds, while KBC and Intesa issued new AT1 CoCos. We participated in the bond issues of Crédit Agricole and Intesa.
Based on transaction prices, the fund's return was -0.03%. Underlying government bond yields declined a little bit in August, which contributed positively to the market return of subordinated financial debt. However, this positive contribution was offset by widening credit spreads. The average index spread ended the month at 275 basis points, 6 basis points wider than at the end of August. The index excess return of subordinated bonds over underlying government bonds was therefore negative, at -0.2%. The performance of the underlying portfolio, measured gross of fees, was a bit worse than that of the index. The portfolio had a beta overweight position during the month, which contributed negatively, as the asset class had a negative excess return over government bonds. The contribution of individual issuer selection was negative too in August, to a large extent driven by the underperformance (on a risk-adjusted basis) of bank CoCos. Looking at individual names, the largest positive contributors to the relative performance were Permanent TSB, Raiffeisen Bank and Société Générale. Our holdings in Deutsche Bank, Commerzbank, KBC Bank and Erste Bank were the largest negative contributors to performance.
Expectation of fund manager
Jan Willem de Moor
Jan Willem Knoll
We are in a period that marks the end of a 15-year experiment of low and negative interest rates. This has ended in an overheated situation where central banks were forced to act aggressively. Markets are now stuck between a stubborn inflation environment and a pending recession. These are interconnected. To kill the inflation monster, central banks almost have to force the economy into a recession to cool off labor markets. The time-lags between central bank action and impact make it virtually impossible to avoid overshooting or undershooting. In this environment, a buy-on-dips (and sell-the-rally) strategy from a conservative basis remains our preferred approach. Although 10-year German Bund yields seem close to the cycle peak, volatility and uncertainty remain. Valuations for financials are still relatively attractive, especially taking into account that European banks are enjoying the tailwind of higher interest rates. Still, we have taken some chips off the table, mostly by reducing our holdings in CoCos a bit. This enables us to buy on the dip again, in the event that we would see more volatility again in the second half of the year.
Past performance is no indication of current or future performance. This is not a buy, sell or hold recommendation for any particular security. No representation is made that these examples are past or current recommendations, that they should be bought or sold, nor whether they were successful or not.
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