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Sustainable Investing Glossary

ESG definition

What is the definition of ESG?  ESG means using Environmental, Social and Governance factors to evaluate companies and countries on how far advanced they are with sustainability. Once enough data has been acquired on these three metrics, they can be integrated into the investment process when deciding what equities or bonds to buy.

ESG factors: Environmental

Environmental factors include the contribution a company or government makes to climate change through greenhouse gas emissions, along with waste management and energy efficiency. Given renewed efforts to combat global warming, cutting emissions and decarbonizing is become more important.

ESG investing
ESG investing
We integrate environmental, social and governance criteria into the majority of our investment processes.
More about ESG investing

ESG factors: Social

Social include human rights, labor standards in the supply chain, any exposure to illegal child labor, and more routine issues such as adherence to workplace health and safety. A social score also rises if a company is well integrated with its local community and therefore has a ‘social license’ to operate with consent.

ESG factors: Governance

Governance refers to a set of rules or principles defining rights, responsibilities and expectations between different stakeholders in the governance of corporations. A well-defined corporate governance system can be used to balance or align interests between stakeholders and can work as a tool to support a company’s long-term strategy. 

Governance can also refer to the standard of government of nations. Robeco measures ESG levels using RobecoSAM’s proprietary Corporate Sustainability Assessment for companies, and Country Sustainability Ranking for governments, to give overall ESG scores. There is some crossover between the two, particularly for multinational companies.

Also read: ESG funds

改变世界的四大ESG趋势
改变世界的四大ESG趋势
新冠疫情以来,各国为遏制疫情采取了隔离封锁措施,对经济乃至ESG的未来走向都产生了前所未有的影响。
16-09-2020 | 市场观点
采矿业:能源转型道路上的“绊脚石”?
采矿业:能源转型道路上的“绊脚石”?
采矿业往往被视为可持续发展道路上的“绊脚石”。
16-09-2020 | SI Opener
糖+新冠=危!
糖+新冠=危!
荷宝ESG engagement(管理参与团队)专家Peter van der Werf表示:“饮食中的糖分在新冠肺炎致死病例中或扮演了不为人知的角色。
18-08-2020 | 市场观点