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“The vicious sell-off last November encouraged us to take a sizeable position in Mexican credits”, explains Reinout Schapers, lead portfolio manager of Robeco Emerging Credits and co-portfolio manager of Robeco Global Credits. “We took our position based on the fact that the sell-off was indiscriminate, that analysts were painting too gloomy a picture and because our core belief is that credits with solid fundamentals will generally recover. When markets panic we see opportunities, if everybody is selling we look to buy, provided the potential returns compensate the risk we take.”
“We were triggered to look at under valuations in the Mexican credit market that we could benefit from”, Schapers explains. “We started to ask ourselves a few questions. What did Trump actually say? Which sectors is he targeting? And how many of his plans are actually feasible?”
“Trump has been saying quite a lot about trade, however his key themes are the renegotiation of existing trade agreements like NAFTA and the introduction of a so-called border-adjustment tax of 20%”, explains Schapers. “Both would have far-reaching implications for corporates in Mexico if such a tax were to be introduced on products entering the US from the south.”
Although there are others, the automobile industry is the key sector that has borne the brunt of Trump’s rage, given the fact that automobiles for the US market are increasingly being fully or partially manufactured in Mexico. Trump has had direct conversations with the CEOs of the Big 3 – General Motors, Ford and Fiat Chrysler – to rethink future investment in Mexico. So far this has been successful with various companies, including car makers redirecting production and investment back to the US.
If he wants to keep things simple, Trump could unilaterally end NAFTA by giving a six-month notice period. That would pave the way to introducing additional taxes on imports and certainly make trading more laborious. “However, cross-border trade, especially with Mexico, does not flow in one direction. This in a key factor we should not lose sight of”, states Schapers.
We captured an attractive ‘Trump premium’ on our Mexican credit positions
US industry supply chains are completely dependent on Mexico. Let’s take the example of the car industry. Almost every car has some Mexican-made parts. Some parts are no longer being made in the US at all, while the production of others involves several movements back and forth across the border. Ending NAFTA or a placing a 20% tax on good each time they cross the border would destroy this supply chain.
In addition to the imports, US companies are also major exporters to Mexico. Take, for example, the food and oil industries. A 20% tax by the US would likely lead to similar taxes by Mexico in retaliation. Schapers: “There are many stakeholders in this game. And even though it may look like as if NAFTA is going to end, this won’t happen any time soon. Despite the far-reaching powers of the US president when it comes to trade, introducing a new tax is not as easy as it may seem.”
“For all these reasons we felt relatively comfortable in selectively adding positions in Mexican credits to the portfolio of Robeco Global Credits. Companies with their home base in Mexico but significant assets outside the country looked particularly attractive”, says Schapers. Examples are Mexichem, BBVA Bancomer and beverage firm Femsa. But even more domestic Mexico-focused companies and banks looked attractive. “During the course of November and December we purchased several positions in corporates, banks and even the sovereign bond. We setup this trade with a longer term view as we were aware that as long as the negative rhetoric continued, Mexican credits would trade at a premium.”
The team of Mexican negotiators sent to discuss possible changes to NAFTA, showed their teeth by saying they would walk away from the discussions if a unilateral border tax or wall appeared on the agenda. “Since February we have seen sell-side analysts becoming more balanced on Mexico and have been hearing that the border-taxes are likely to be focused on specific products”, says Schapers.
“Since mid-February we have also seen Mexican credits starting to mean-revert. In the case of certain bonds, the ‘Trump premium’ has slowly disappeared with credit spreads tightening significantly over government bonds. Other Mexican corporate bonds in our portfolio still offer value. We will also take profit on these positions if the Trump premium shrinks still more.”