Online food ordering and delivery
Online food ordering and delivery is a relatively young market that, after a period of heavy investment, is now quickly consolidating. One of the main drivers of this move has been the low profitability of many players, as penetration still tends to be relatively low and traditional phone ordering often remains the number one competitor.
But in regions where concentration is high and penetration has been increasing, companies are now seeing their profits rising rapidly. This in turn should lead to further concentration and to the emergence of a small number of dominant players able to generate profits while their competitors probably keep struggling. Figure 1 shows the main players in different online food delivery markets.
Figure 1: Main players in different online food delivery markets
Source: Frost & Sullivan, Robeco
Winners will be those able to keep their delivery costs as low as possible, either because, in the country they operate, the cost of labour is low or because the density of their customer network is very high. In countries where the population is highly concentrated in big cities, like South Korea for example, online food delivery companies will obviously be at an advantage.
According to Neele and Speetjens, the sector will keep growing and consolidating rapidly over the next couple of years. Online food delivery penetration on average is around 10% to 12%, whereas in more developed markets, like the UK and the Netherlands, this can be as high as 25%. Therefore, potential growth remains substantial in many markets.
Last year saw a major consolidation moves in large food delivery markets, such as Germany, the UK and South Korea. These mergers gave birth to dominant food delivery companies able to generate high and robust profit margins.
The online food delivery sector will keep growing and consolidating rapidly over the next couple of years
Humanization of pets
The number of pet-owning households is rising globally while the amount of money people spend on their furry companions is also increasing. In the US, for instance, over 55% of the households own a pet, according to the American Veterinary Medical Association’s latest survey. Moreover, pet industry sales have been steadily rising over the years, even during the crisis of 2008-2009, as Figure 2 shows.
Figure 2: Total US pet industry expenditures (in USD billions)
Source: American Pet Products Association, Robeco
To some extent, the constant increase in global consumer spending in the household and pet care categories can be attributed to a ‘pet-humanization’ trend. Consumers increasingly see their pets as family members. Many consumers are therefore prepared to spend more on pet food and other pet-related products that may improve animals’ living conditions.
One way to benefit from this trend is to invest in either pet food providers, or companies that supply vaccines and medicine for pets. These food and pharmaceutical companies may not necessarily focus solely on pets, but in some cases, the pet segment can represent a very sizable share of their sales and profits. These also tend to be high-growth and high-margin businesses.
But there are also many other types of companies that could benefit from this trend, Neele and Speetjens say. For instance, online pet food delivery companies may be one example. As pet food is large and bulky, the online distribution model is very suitable for pet food. The online pet food and pet supplies market currently has approximately 15% penetration in the US, but this could easily increase to more than 25% in the next few years.
Streaming wars is not a new topic, but the past few months have been marked by several initiatives that could reshuffle the deck. While Netflix has long been the dominant player, Apple and Disney are now also offering their own service. For these companies, the idea is to establish a direct link with the end consumer to help them decide on future investments in terms of content.
Figure 3: Streaming wars
Of course, the increased level of competition may limit pricing power in the short term. But the market should be big enough for Disney and Netflix to co-exist, say Neele and Speetjens. Moreover, a more diversified streaming offering will probably lead a growing number of customers to replace their usual TV subscription with a combination of online streaming subscriptions.
A more diversified streaming offering will probably lead a growing number of customers to replace their usual TV subscription with a combination of online streaming subscriptions
Also related to the streaming wars are all the changes happening in the music industry. After two decades of decline, growth has finally come back over the past couple of years, in particular thanks to the success of a handful of streaming platforms. These days, streaming represents about 45% to 50% of the total music industry in terms of revenues. Owning streaming platforms or music labels is one way of benefiting from this comeback. But there are other ways. For instance, because the business model of artists has radically changed and streaming is now seen as a way to promote concerts, companies operating concert venues or selling concert tickets online may also represent attractive investment opportunities.
Given an uncertain future, with potentially slower economic growth and the current backdrop of very low global interest rates, we believe investors should focus on quality growth stocks. High quality businesses with valuable intangible assets, low capital intensity, high margins and superior returns on capital have historically delivered above average returns while offering downside protection in volatile market environments.
We believe our investments in food delivery, pet care and expenditures, as well as music and video streaming feature such characteristics. Therefore, we expect them to deliver healthy revenue and earnings growth and to generate attractive long term returns for investors. Moreover, we believe the above-average valuations of some of these businesses are justified, given the quality of their business models, the high levels of earnings growth and the sustainability of their franchises.