In the last 50 years, global food production and dietary patterns have changed substantially. Increasing crop yields and improving production have helped improve life expectancy and reduce hunger. However, these benefits are being offset by massive environmental degradation due to unsustainable farming practices, along with health problems ranging from obesity to heart disease, as diets become higher calorie and heavily processed.
According to the World Health Organization, overweight and obesity levels have tripled since 1975, with 39% of adults now overweight and 13% obese. At the same time, 9.2% of adults are underweight. The coexistence of people being overweight and underweight has created a double burden of malnutrition in our world. So, it is safe to say that malnutrition is an issue.
Due to these issues, we are seeing shifts in consumer preferences towards healthier and sustainably produced food1. We find the most attractive investment opportunities in plant-based food and beverages, in meal kits such as those from HelloFresh and Marley Spoon, and in restaurant software. Pure-play food companies in these segments are becoming more relevant to consumers, they operate in a very large market, and have relatively low product penetration. This provides them with excellent growth opportunities. Cultured meat looks promising from an environmental perspective and its production costs are decreasing. Its commercial viability, however, is still unclear.
Challenges remain for food giants because they still derive most of their sales from relatively unhealthy food. They are improving though. We find smaller packaged food companies with a better health and sustainability profile better positioned for now.
Besides these food trends, Robeco has an investment strategy that is dedicated to investing in companies that support healthy living2. We distinguish between four areas of interest: three are about prevention and one is focused on treatment:
The health trend is truly a long-term one. The risk as measured by volatility is relatively low, and the strategy has outperformed the market since its launch in 2007.
In the last SI Opener, we explained the role of the meat supply chain4 in threatening global health, and the engagement we are doing with some of the companies in which we invest that are active in the meat supply chain. Here we would like to focus on two other engagement themes that we do in this area.
The first is our engagement on the risks of sugar in food . This three-year engagement closed in 2019, but turned out to be very relevant, as research by the UK’s National Health Service shows that one-third of the people who died from Covid-19 had either Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes, a condition that is often linked to obesity and sugar.
Aside from the health issues, the negative impact on the performance of a company using sugar in its processes can be significant. The costs associated with obesity include increased health care expenses, decreased productivity and premature deaths. Because of this, food and beverage companies face regulatory, reputational, legal and market risks.
Examples of this are governments in both high and lower-income countries that are introducing a sugar tax, or are restricting advertising of less-healthy products to children. Regulation is increasing over the use of health and nutrition claims, while food labelling requirements are being strengthened. Ultimately, companies that do not adjust to changing dietary preferences may lose market share, revenues and profits.
The second engagement theme concerns digitalization and innovation, which we believe can reduce health care costs. However, a shift in mindset is needed. Will the health care industry be disrupted? Three developments suggest that change is on its way.
Firstly, while health care has traditionally been an industry slow to adopt new technology, it now appears to be embracing digital innovation at a growing rate. Increasingly, there is electronic harmonization of patient data exchange between doctors, health service providers and pharma companies.
Secondly, more companies are open to data exchange between firms to maximize the potential of the insights this can bring. Thirdly, the introduction of telemedicine could reduce the cost and waiting time for patients to receive a consultation from a qualified medical expert.
In addition, pharmaceutical research is increasingly using new technologies such as AI to help reduce the time and costs related to drug development. Recent reforms also indicate a shift from activity-based to outcome-based models, and digitalization can surely further enhance this trend. There are numerous opportunities, from promoting healthy behavior and drug personalization, to remote monitoring, holistic analysis and improved decision making. Digitalization cannot single-handedly solve health care challenges, but it can help in controlling costs, improving quality, and guiding the sector towards more patient-centric care.
The main aim of our engagement is to gain perspective into the current state of the health care industry related to digitalization, and to motivate companies to utilize opportunities as well as to be aware of, and mitigate, their related risks. Within our engagement we will consider the following objectives:
As with all material ESG issues, we believe that engaging with health care companies will push the sector forward, and will also help us to select for investment portfolios those companies that have a healthy future.
1Robeco white paper: Trends investing, the Future of Food, 24 March 2021, Sam Brasser
2Watch our newest video here: https://www.robeco.com/en/insights/2021/02/we-believe-that-the-trend-around-healthy-living-is-long-lived-.html
6Digital innovation in healthcare research report, Robeco Active Ownership team, December 2019
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