francefr
Sustainable Investing Glossary

Corruption definition

Corruption is defined as behavior by individuals that aims to secure a monetary advantage in business or politics through illegal dealings. It typically covers bribery – illegal payments made to secure a contract or service – along with falsifying documents to enhance the value of a product. The word itself derives from the Roman Latin past participle of corrumpere, meaning ‘to mar, bribe or destroy’.

Investopedia defines it as “dishonest behavior by those in positions of power, such as managers or government officials. Corruption can include giving or accepting bribes or inappropriate gifts, double-dealing, under-the-table transactions, manipulating elections, diverting funds, laundering money and defrauding investors.”1

Transparency International, which works to expose corruption among governments, companies and wealthy or powerful people, defines corruption as “the abuse of entrusted power for private gain”.2 This can involve cronyism, where someone’s friends are given valuable contracts outside the normal market tendering process, and nepotism, where a relative is appointed to a position of power even though they are unqualified or unsuitable for the role.

Country Sustainability Ranking

Levels of corruption in countries accounts for 10% of the weighting in the Robeco Country Sustainability Ranking, making it one of the most significant things that analysts look for when assessing how sustainable a nation is. This information is then used as part of the governance factor in ESG when deciding whether to buy that country’s sovereign bonds.

The two sources for it are the Corruption Perception Index, which has been published by Transparency International since 1995, and the Control of Corruption (CoC) Index, which is one of the six Worldwide Governance Indicators that have been published by the World Bank since 1996. The CoC “reflects perceptions of the extent to which public power is exercised for private gain, including both petty and grand forms of corruption, as well as ‘capture’ of the state by elites and private interests”.3

Some financial crime broadly falls under the banner of corruption, though money laundering and insider dealing are seen as specific crimes in their own right. Ponzi schemes in which profits are paid to investors using the income from newer investors instead of an underlying asset is similarly viewed as financial fraud. The biggest pure source of corruption remains bribery, which has often proved commonplace in emerging markets that lack regulation or a properly functioning judicial system.

See also: Governance; World’s most corrupt country; Country Sustainability Ranking

Many companies including Robeco put limits on the value of gifts that employees can receive as presents or hospitality to avoid charges of undue influence.

1https://www.investopedia.com/terms/c/corruption.asp
2https://www.transparency.org/en/what-is-corruption
3https://info.worldbank.org/governance/wgi/Home/Reports

Guide d'introduction à SDG Engagement Equities
Guide d'introduction à SDG Engagement Equities
Robeco est convaincu depuis longtemps que l'engagement peut permettre d'améliorer la durabilité des entreprises.
27-05-2022 | Vision
Insurers weather the storm with net zero commitments
Insurers weather the storm with net zero commitments
Insurers are turning to net zero to solve their unique climate change challenges, says Robeco’s Head of Global Insurance Strategy, Ed Collinge.
25-05-2022 | Vision
The impact of deep energy retrofit costs on the real estate sector
The impact of deep energy retrofit costs on the real estate sector
The real estate sector is estimated to produce around 40% of annual global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
24-05-2022 | Vision
Logo

Information importante

L’information publiée dans les pages de ce site internet est plus particulièrement destinée aux investisseurs professionnels.

Certains fonds mentionnés dans le site peuvent ne pas être autorisés à la commercialisation en France par l’Autorité des Marchés Financiers. Les informations ou opinions exprimées dans les pages de ce site internet ne représentent pas une sollicitation, une offre ou une recommandation à l’achat ou à la vente de titres ou produits financiers. Elles n’ont pas pour objectif d’inciter à des transactions ou de fournir des conseils ou service en investissement. Avant tout investissement dans un produit Robeco, il est nécessaire d’avoir lu au préalable les documents légaux tels que le document d’information clé pour l’investisseur (DICI), le prospectus complet, les rapports annuels et semi-annuels, qui sont disponibles sur ce site internet ou qui peuvent être obtenus gratuitement, sur simple demande auprès de Robeco France.

Nous vous remercions de confirmer que vous êtes un investisseur professionnel et que vous avez lu, compris et accepté les conditions d’utilisation de ce site internet.

Je n’accepte pas