spaines
Sustainable Investing Glossary

Scope 1, 2 and 3 emissions

Scope 1,2 and 3 emissions are greenhouse gas emissions that cause carbon footprints. As their name suggests, they are measured in three ways, according to how they were created:
  • Scope 1 emissions are those that are directly generated by the company, such as an airline emitting exhaust fumes. 
  • Scope 2 emissions are those that are created by the generation of the electricity or heat needed by the company to sell its main products or provide its main services. 
  • Scope 3 emissions are those caused by the entire value chain, including the end-user of the product over its life cycle, and are much more difficult to measure. 

The use of scopes is important, as it allows investors to identify the true causes of emissions and suggest means of reducing them through engagement. An electricity utility would have relatively low Scope 1 emissions caused by its infrastructure or grid, but high Scope 2 emissions if its power came from the burning of fossil fuels rather than renewable sources. 

A carmaker is an anomaly, since it would have relatively low Scope 1 and 2 emissions for making the car, but the user of the vehicle would burn petrol to run the car over many years, causing very high Scope 3 emissions.

While Scope 1 and 2 data are relatively easy to acquire, it can be very difficult to measure Scope 3 data; in the example of the car user, one could not know how many kilometers it would be driven. More forward-looking metrics are necessary to truly measure carbon footprints, both in terms of companies’ products and services, and their entire value chains. 

Generando rentabilidades que benefician al mundo en el que vivimos
Generando rentabilidades que benefician al mundo en el que vivimos
Inversión sostenible
Plan de Acción de Finanzas Sostenibles
Plan de Acción de Finanzas Sostenibles
Ver la descripción
Bracing for climate change impact
Bracing for climate change impact
Institutional investors agree that they need to prepare for climate impact.
18-10-2021 | Evento digital
Chipping away at water supplies
Chipping away at water supplies
Climate change and an intensifying appetite for silicon wafers and chips put water supplies and global supply chains at risk.
18-10-2021 | Estadísticas extraordinarias
Los países, las empresas y los inversores tienen que actuar
Los países, las empresas y los inversores tienen que actuar
Robeco lleva mucho tiempo utilizando la exclusión para empresas cuyos productos o prácticas no cumplen con unos estándares aceptables.
14-10-2021 | Visión