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‘Erdogan more likely to succeed in installing a presidential system’In the first years Erdogan got support from Fethullah Gülen and his Gülen movement. In 2013 there was a political conflict between the two leaders which led to a separation. The Gülen movement has been characterized as a modern blend of Islam. It tries to combine the beliefs of Atatürk’s secular republic with a traditional but flexible Islamic faith. Gülen has been on a self-imposed exile in the US since 1999, as he feared that he would be tried for his Islamist opinions. It is unclear how many people support his movement and estimates range from a couple of hundred thousand up to 7 million. The Gülen Movement has long been accused of maintaining influence in the Turkish political and legal systems and trying to build a ‘parallel state’.
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